Difference between revisions of "Error correction support"

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Prompting error repair is an instructional method where students are invited to detect and/or correct errors (Reif & Scott; Essay errors...) support is an instructional variable that compares detection and/or correction of errors by the student versus by another agent, e.g., a tutoring system or teacher.   
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Prompting error repair is an instructional method where students are invited to detect and/or correct errors (Reif & Scott, 1999; Essay errors...).   
  
The manipulation may compare student detection of errors to other-agent detection (see [[The self-correction of speech errors (McCormick, O’Neill & Siskin)|McCormick et al]] study).
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For instance, [[The self-correction of speech errors (McCormick, O’Neill & Siskin)|McCormick et al]] invite ESL students to detect of errors in recordings of their speech, and activity formerly done only by teachers.  [[Booth|Booth et al.]] showed students some instructor-authored errors, and had them explain why the errors were wrong.  
  
The manipulation may compare student correction or explanation of an explicit identified error (see [[Booth]] study
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In the[[Student_Uncertainty|Forbes-Riley & Litman]] study, if students give a correct response but the intonation contour of their spoken response indicates uncertainty, then the tutoring system gives them the same remediation (a subdialogue) as it would if the response were incorrect.  Although this manipulation is perhaps not a close fit to the method of prompting error repair, it does invite students to treat their uncertainty as an error and to "repair" it.
  
The manipulation may compare reinterpreting a correct response as a lucky guess and asking for help--this can be done by either the student or another agent (see [[Student_Uncertainty|Forbes-Riley & Litman]] study).
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* Reif, F., & Scott, L. A. (1999). Teaching scientific thinking skills: Students and computers coaching each other. ''American Journal of Physics, 67''(9), 819-831.
 
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Dawn: add examples e.g., noun verb disagreement
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[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Independent Variables]]
 
[[Category:Independent Variables]]
 
[[Category:PSLC General]]
 
[[Category:PSLC General]]

Revision as of 13:46, 23 May 2007

Prompting error repair is an instructional method where students are invited to detect and/or correct errors (Reif & Scott, 1999; Essay errors...).

For instance, McCormick et al invite ESL students to detect of errors in recordings of their speech, and activity formerly done only by teachers. Booth et al. showed students some instructor-authored errors, and had them explain why the errors were wrong.

In theForbes-Riley & Litman study, if students give a correct response but the intonation contour of their spoken response indicates uncertainty, then the tutoring system gives them the same remediation (a subdialogue) as it would if the response were incorrect. Although this manipulation is perhaps not a close fit to the method of prompting error repair, it does invite students to treat their uncertainty as an error and to "repair" it.

  • Reif, F., & Scott, L. A. (1999). Teaching scientific thinking skills: Students and computers coaching each other. American Journal of Physics, 67(9), 819-831.