Procedural

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action sequences for solving problems

Procedural knowledge is knowing how to control the relevant factors for examing some phenomenon (Reber & Reber, 2001), performing a certain task or completing an activity. Procedural knolwedge also means knowing the method of manipulating a specific condition or the technique for implementing a task. This may include the procedures we use to do a science experiment, write an essay or solve a mathematical equation.

Procedural knowledge is often thought about as certain skills we possess, tasks we can complete or processes we are able to follow.

Procedural knowledge can be distinguished from conceptual knowledge, i.e. understanding of the principles that govern a domain. According to Rittle-Johnson, Siegler and Alibali (2001), the development of both knowlege types is an iterative process with influences in both directions.