Difference between revisions of "Root node"

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Instructional activities influence the depth and generality of the students’ acquired [[knowledge component]]s, the knowledge components’ strength and [[feature validity]], and the student’s motivation.  These in turn influence the students’ performance on measures of [[robust learning]].  That is, we take a cognitive stance, rather than a radically distributed or situated stance.
 
Instructional activities influence the depth and generality of the students’ acquired [[knowledge component]]s, the knowledge components’ strength and [[feature validity]], and the student’s motivation.  These in turn influence the students’ performance on measures of [[robust learning]].  That is, we take a cognitive stance, rather than a radically distributed or situated stance.
  
At the macro-level, instruction produces robust learning if it increases the frequency of:
+
At the [[macro level]], instruction produces robust learning if it increases the frequency of:
 
*[[sense making]] processes: rederivation, adaptation and self-supervised learning
 
*[[sense making]] processes: rederivation, adaptation and self-supervised learning
 
*and [[foundational skill building]] processes: strengthening, deep feature perception and [[cognitive headroom]].
 
*and [[foundational skill building]] processes: strengthening, deep feature perception and [[cognitive headroom]].
 
   
 
   
At the micro-level, instruction produces robust learning if:
+
At the [[micro level]]instruction produces robust learning if:
 
*The instruction is designed so that the [[learning event space]] has some target paths that would cause an ideal student to acquire knowledge that is deep, general, strong and retrieval-feature-valid.
 
*The instruction is designed so that the [[learning event space]] has some target paths that would cause an ideal student to acquire knowledge that is deep, general, strong and retrieval-feature-valid.
 
*Most students follow a target path most of the time.  There are many factors outside the easy control of the experimenter or instructor, such as motivation and recall, that affect whether students actually follow the target paths designed into the instruction.
 
*Most students follow a target path most of the time.  There are many factors outside the easy control of the experimenter or instructor, such as motivation and recall, that affect whether students actually follow the target paths designed into the instruction.

Revision as of 09:24, 7 November 2007

PSLC theoretical hierarchy’s Root Node

Abstract

PSLC research is primarily concerned with finding out what instructional environments, methods or activities causes students’ learning to be robust. Although normal learning can be measured with immediate, near-transfer post-tests, we measure robustness with three addition measures: long-term retention, far transfer and accelerated future learning.

Glossary

PSLC General Glossary

Full Glossary

Research question

What instructional activities or methods cause students’ learning to be robust?

How can science and technology improve academic learning and make such learning more robust?

Dependent variables

Measures of basic learning (an immediate, near-transfer post-test) and measures of robust learning (long-term retention, far transfer and accelerated future learning)

Independent variables

Independent variables in PSLC are primarily instructional activities, methods, or treatments. Studies might also include independent variables that measure individual differences, like a language students' first language.

Hypotheses

Learning will be robust if the instructional activities are designed to include appropriate paths, and the students tend to follow those paths during instruction.

Explanation

Instructional activities influence the depth and generality of the students’ acquired knowledge components, the knowledge components’ strength and feature validity, and the student’s motivation. These in turn influence the students’ performance on measures of robust learning. That is, we take a cognitive stance, rather than a radically distributed or situated stance.

At the macro level, instruction produces robust learning if it increases the frequency of:

At the micro levelinstruction produces robust learning if:

  • The instruction is designed so that the learning event space has some target paths that would cause an ideal student to acquire knowledge that is deep, general, strong and retrieval-feature-valid.
  • Most students follow a target path most of the time. There are many factors outside the easy control of the experimenter or instructor, such as motivation and recall, that affect whether students actually follow the target paths designed into the instruction.

Descendents