Difference between revisions of "Think-aloud data"

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When students do an activity, such as solving a problem, the experimenter can ask them to "think aloud" as they work and record their speechUsually, this is done by running Camtasia or some other screen-capture recording system so that the analyst can see what the students are talking about and doingSpeech quality is often better if students wear close-talk headset mikes.
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When study participants, like students or domain experts, are asked do an activity or perform a task, such as solving a problem, the experimenter can ask them to "think aloud" as they work.  The researcher typically records participants' speech and may also video tape their actions.   
  
There was once considerable controversy about whether think-aloud data collection affected students' cognition.  After many experiments comparing performance with and without such data collection, the answer is "it depends" on what the activity is.  See  
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When the participant is working on a computer, often a screen-capture recording system (like Camtasia) is used so that the analyst can see what it is on the computer screen that participants are talking about and doing.  Speech quality is often better if students wear close-talk headset microphones.
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There has been controversy and research about whether think-aloud data collection affects students' cognition.  After many experiments comparing performance with and without such data collection, the answer is "it depends" on what the activity is.  See  
 
* Ericsson, K. A., & Simon, H. A. (1980). Verbal reports as data. ''Psychological Review, 87''(3), 215-251.
 
* Ericsson, K. A., & Simon, H. A. (1980). Verbal reports as data. ''Psychological Review, 87''(3), 215-251.
 
* M. W. van Someren, Y. Barnard, J. A.C. Sandberg (1994) [http://www.eurisco.org/pdf/Think-aloud-method.pdf The Think Aloud Method: A practical guide to modelling cognitive processes], Academic Press, London, 1994.
 
* M. W. van Someren, Y. Barnard, J. A.C. Sandberg (1994) [http://www.eurisco.org/pdf/Think-aloud-method.pdf The Think Aloud Method: A practical guide to modelling cognitive processes], Academic Press, London, 1994.
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[[Category:Glossary]]

Latest revision as of 08:59, 24 October 2008

When study participants, like students or domain experts, are asked do an activity or perform a task, such as solving a problem, the experimenter can ask them to "think aloud" as they work. The researcher typically records participants' speech and may also video tape their actions.

When the participant is working on a computer, often a screen-capture recording system (like Camtasia) is used so that the analyst can see what it is on the computer screen that participants are talking about and doing. Speech quality is often better if students wear close-talk headset microphones.

There has been controversy and research about whether think-aloud data collection affects students' cognition. After many experiments comparing performance with and without such data collection, the answer is "it depends" on what the activity is. See