Tutoring feedback

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Brief statement of principle

Description of principle

Tutoring feedback is an interactive instructional method that involves asking students to solve problems or engage in a some constructive activity while a tutor monitors student actions (steps) and responds to indicate whether or not those actions are correct (i.e., gives feedback). Tutoring feedback provides a level of instructional assistance that lies between worked examples and untutored problem solving (e.g., typical homework). Like untutored problem solving, tutored problem solving provides less assistance than a worked example because the solution is not given (at least not initially). However, if a student makes errors than they get more assistance from tutoring problem solving than untutored problem solving because of the availability of tutoring feedback.

Many of PSLC's LearnLab courses involve the use of computer tutors that provide tutoring feedback. Such interactive feedback is often not as readily available in more traditional courses and thus the as-is or ecological control group in PSLC studies may present a harder challenge or high base from which to improve instruction.

Operational definition


Experimental support

Laboratory experiment support

In vivo experiment support

Theoretical rationale

(These entries should link to one or more learning processes)

Conditions of application

Caveats, limitations, open issues, or dissenting views

Variations (descendants)

Generalizations (ascendants)