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This page is temporary. It will be replaced with links to the individual definitions. All these definitions are temporary. Better definitions should be given.


  • direct instruction
  • Problem solving: A procedural task in which students are required to solve given problems.
  • Comparing sets
  • Invention task
  • Practice: an opportunity to apply previously instructed material to solve problems, compare cases, or other tasks.
  • Invention as Preparation for Learning (IPL): a structured and scaffolded invention activity, possibly with feedback, based on sets of contrasting cases, followed by direct instruction and practice.
    • Design: a stage in IPL in which students are asked to design a new method
    • Evaluation: a stage in IPL in which students are asked to evaluate a model.
    • Debug: a stage in IPL in which students are asked to debug an existing faulty solution (whether originally designed by them or given to them)

Cognitive processes:

  • Preparation for future learning: a mental process in which produces changes in knowledge that yields better learning from subsequent instruction.
    • Near Future Learning: Preparation to learn from subsequent instruction on a pre-motivated task (that is, students have been exposed to a similar task earlier, for example, during an invention phase)
    • Far Future Learning: Preparation for learning from instruction on an un-motivated problem which shares deep features with the preparing activity.


Types of knowledge

  • Procedural: High procedural knowledge allows for fluency when faced with familiar tasks
  • Conceptual: High conceptual knowledge allows for flexibility and innovation when faced with novel tasks.


  • Accelerated future learning (AFL): a measure of learning from instruction that follows the intervention
  • Transfer: a measure of performance on novel problems that share deep features with the previously learned material.

AFL and Transfer are similar, only that the AFL includes also relevant instruction.

Pages in category "IPL"

The following 5 pages are in this category, out of 5 total.